C/JX 149045, Telegraphist, Ernest Frederick EGAN
Royal Navy, H.M.S. Glorious
Born in Q4-1920 [Wandsworth 1d:J35] to Harry and Gladys EGAN (née PARR), later of Grosvenor Yard, Newmarket.
His father was Newmarket born.
His mother died in 1933 and his father married Mary Ann ASBY in 1935. In the 1939 register, at 2 Grosvenor Place, Grosvenor Yard, Newmarket were his father [11-12-1891] a house painter and step mother Mary Ann [11-6-1901].
HMS Glorious was converted in the 1920's from a heavy cruiser into a 22,500 ton aircraft carrier, armed with only 4.7 inch guns. This light armament was
justified by the Admiralty to save weight and such ships were to rely on their escorts to protect them|
Evacuation of Norway
In June 1940, the British forces started to evacuate Norway. Operation ALPHABET, the evacuation of all British and Allied forces from Norway, was carried out from the 5th to the 8th of June 1940. On 3 June 1940, HMS Ark Royal and Glorious sailed to Narvik to cover the withdrawal. On 8 June 1940, the Glorious was evacuated along with RAF squadron personnel from 263 and 46 squadrons. In the early hours on 8 June 1940, five Swordfishes led the 10 Gladiators of 263 RAF Squadron and the Hurricanes of 46 RAF Squadron to the Glorious. The Gladiators landed first, followed by the Swordfishes and were stowed below with the other aircraft, the 6 Sea Gladiators of 802 Squadron and the 823 Squadron Swordfish. Finally 7 Hurricanes made their approaches and every one was landed without undue difficulty. This was the first time that high-performance monoplane fighters without arrester hooks had been landed on a carrier.
The Royal Navy force included HMS Ark Royal and HMS Glorious, cruisers HMS Southampton and HMS Coventry, 16 destroyers and numerous smaller vessels, with which to cover the evacuation convoys. A further cruiser HMS Devonshire was embarking the King of Norway and preparing to sail independently for Scapa Flow. That morning, HMS Glorious detached from the main British force, accompanied by destroyers Acasta and Ardent, she set out for Scapa Flow to sail home independently due to a supposed fuel shortage. At about 1630hrs the two German battlecruisers, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, homing on the smoke from Glorious' stack, opened fire on the three ships at a range of 27,000 yards. Before any aircraft strike could be launched the aircraft carrier received a direct hit on her forward hangar. Fire destroyed the Hurricanes and torpedoes stored below for her aircraft were unable to be retrieved for the aircraft on deck. The small calibre weapons of all three Royal Navy ships were completely ineffective at that range. By 1720hrs she was listing heavily in the swell. Within 20 minutes the carrier had sunk. Both destroyers were also hit. While laying a smoke screen to shield Glorious, first Ardent and then Acasta were sent to the bottom, the latter managing to damage Scharnhorst with a torpedo fired during her death throes. The wrecks are located 170nm W of Harstad, Norway.
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